Covering an area of 186,300 hectares Doomadgee is surrounded by Burke Shire, and is approximately north west of Burketown and 130 km east of the Northern Territory border. It is 630 km by road to Mount Isa and 1035 km west of Cairns on the east Queensland coast.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people make up 91.9% of the population with their ancestors inhabiting these lands for thousands of years.
The shire includes the traditional homelands of the Gangalidda and the Waanyi people. There are also Garrawa and Yunjulla people and a range of people from Indigenous nations across Australia have made Doomadgee their home.